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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.9 No.1 pp.1387-1392
DOI : https://doi.org/10.20540/JIAPTR.2018.9.1.1387

Effects of Fall Experience on the Balancing Ability and Ankle Flexibility in Elderly People

Hong Rae Kima,Jun Hyeok Gob,Hee Jun Shina
aKyungwoon University, Gumi
bYongin University,Yongin, Korea
Address for correspondence Hee Jun Shin, PT, Ph.D Department of Physical Therapy, Kyungwoon University, 730, Gangdong-ro, Sandong-myeon, Gumi-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea Tel: 82-54-479-1335

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of fall injuries on the balancing abilities and ankle flexibility. Fifteen of the voluntary participants had no experience of falling in the last two years (none falling group, NFG) and 15 others experienced at least one (falling group, FG). Static balance (sway length, sway area), dynamic balance (timed up and go (TUG), and functional to reach test (FRT) were measured in each group. In comparison of static balance, sway length was not significantly different between NFG and FG in both eyes open and eyes close, however the sway area of the FG was significantly wider than that of the NFG (p<.05). In dynamic balance comparisons, TUG of FG was significantly longer than that of NFG (p <.05), however FRT and STS were no significant difference between groups. Ankle flexibility was significantly higher in NFG than in FG. This study suggests that the fall prevention program should include methods for improving ankle stability and lower extremity function.

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