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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.9 No.4 pp.1596-1601
DOI : https://doi.org/10.20540/JIAPTR.2018.9.4.1596

A Comparative Study on the Pulmonary Function between Smoking Soldier and Non-smoking Soldier

Joong San Wanga,Myoung jin Choia
Howon University, Gunsan, Republic of Korea
Address for correspondence
Myoung jin Choi, Ph.D Department of Defense Science & Technology, Howon University, 64, Howondae 3-gil, Impi-myeon, Gunsan-si, Jeollabuk-do, Republic of Korea Tel: 82-10-5096-649

Abstract

Smoking can be a significant cause of lung diseases and reduced respiratory functions. Among soldiers, smoking may have a negative impact on their health (physical strength) and well being. Information on differences in the respiratory functions of smokers and nonsmokers in the military services and the effects of the smoking duration and amount (i.e., the number of cigarettes smoked per day) would be useful. This study investigated smoking durations and smoking amounts among young male soldiers (N = 61). The forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1), and forced expiratory volume in 1 sec/forced vital capacities (FEV1/FEC) were measured FVC, FEV1, or FEV1/FEC of smokers and nonsmokers were not significantly different, and FVC and FEV1 were inversely proportional to smoking duration. Besides, the number of cigarettes smoked per day was not correlated with respiratory functions. These findings may be attributed to the effect of the strenuous physical activity (e.g., military drills) undertaken by soldiers on their respiratory functions. Despite the lack of evidence for a difference in the respiratory functions of smokers and nonsmokers, this study recommends ongoing respiratory function management through smoking cessation programs and respiratory physiotherapy to manage the respiratory functions of Korean smoking soldiers.

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