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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.10 No.1 pp.1725-1733
DOI : https://doi.org/10.20540/JIAPTR.2019.10.1.1725

Effects of Therapeutic Exercise on Pain, Physical Function, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Patient with Multilevel Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Case Report

Ahram Kima,c,Hoseong Leeb,c
aNamseoul University, Cheonan; bDankook University, Cheonan; cInstitute of MEDI-Sports, Cheonan, Republic of Korea
Address for correspondence
Ho-Seong Lee, Ph.D Department of Kinesiologic Medical Science, Graduate, Dankook University, 119, Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, Republic of Korea TEL: +82 41-550-3838

Abstract

Background: In some clinical guidelines followed in clinical practice, nonsurgical treatments are recommended as the primary intervention for patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). However, the effect of a therapeutic exercise program based on stabilization of the lumbar spine for treatment of multilevel LDH has not been evaluated thoroughly.
Objective: To investigate the effects of therapeutic exercise on pain, physical function, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a patient with multilevel LDH.
Design: Case Report
Methods: A 43-year-old female presented with low back pain, radicular pain and multilevel LDH (L3–L4, L4–L5, L5–S1). The therapeutic exercise program was conducted. in 40-min sessions, three times a week, for 12 weeks. Low back and radicular pain, lumbar disability, and physical function were measured before and after 6 and 12 weeks of the exercise program. MRI was performed before and after 12 weeks of the program.
Results: After 6 and 12 weeks of the therapeutic exercise, low back and radicular pain and lumbar disability had decreased, and lumbar range of motion (ROM) was improvedbilaterally, compared with the initial values. Also improved at 6 and 12 weeks were isometric lumbar strength and endurance, and the functional movement screen score. The size of disc herniations was decreased on MRI obtained after 12 weeks of therapeutic exercise than on the pre-exercise images.
Conclusions: We observed that therapeutic exercise program improved spinal ROM, muscle strength, functional capacity, and size of disc herniation in LDH patient.

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