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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.10 No.2 pp.1810-1817
DOI : https://doi.org/10.20540/JIAPTR.2019.10.2.1810

Effects of Self-Traction Exercises on the Vertebral Alignment, Muscle Strength, and Flexibility of Adults in Their Twenties with Scoliosis

Yongmin Kima,Changkeun Jeona,Kyoungtae Yoob
aPyeongtaek21 Century Hospital, Pyeongtaek,Korea; bNamseoul University, Cheonan, Korea
Address for correspondence
Kyungtae Yoo, PT, PhD
Department of Physical Therapy, Namseoul University, 21, Daehak-ro, Seonghwaneup, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea TEL: 82-41-580-2533

Abstract

Background: Effect of cervical and lumbar tractions on the reduction in the angle of curvature and the effect of a correction exercise or a general traction method on balance, muscle strength, pain, and body alignment, however insufficient research has been undertaken on self traction exercises targeting patients with scoliosis.
Purpose: To determine the effect of cervical and lumbar tractions on the reduction in the angle of curvature and the effect of a correction exercise or a general traction method on balance, muscle strength, pain, and body alignment.
Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial (single blinded)
Methods: Twelve adults(20s) with scoliosis were included in this study and performed a traction program that was composed of a 5-min warm-up exercise, a 15-min main exercise, and a 5-min cool-down exercise (25 minutes in total), three times a week for four weeks. The Chiro traction machine was used for the self-traction exercise. Vertebral alignment, muscle strength, and flexibility were compared before and after the intervention using the paired T-test.
Results: The scoliosis angle, pelvic torsion, and lumbar extensor were significantly changed by intervention; however, there was no significant difference in flexibility. Conclusion: The results revealed that self-traction exercise activated blood flow through the extension and contraction of muscles, effectively increasing the function of the muscles around the vertebrae.

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