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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.11 No.1 pp.1992-1998
DOI : https://doi.org/10.20540/JIAPTR.2020.11.1.1992

Immediate Effect of Foot Drop Stimulator in Outpatients with Chronic Stroke: A Mixed Method Study

Jaeyoung Parka,Dooho Leeb,Donghwan Ohc
aDepartment of Physical Therapy, Kyungwoon University, Gumi, Republic of Korea; bDepartment of Occupational Therapy, Gyeongbuk College of Health, Kimcheon, Republic of Korea;
cDepartment of Occupational Therapy, Kyungdong University, Wonju, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Background: The foot drop stimulator is designed to improve the walking ability of foot drop in patients after stroke, however, studies on clinical effects are still lacking.
Objective: To investigate the effect of a foot drop stimulator on the walking and balancing abilities of foot drop patients after a stroke.
Design: One-Group (Pretest-Posttest) Design.
Methods: All subjects walked in all three conditions: foot drop stimulator (FDS) ankle foot orthosis (AFO) and barefoot. Primary outcome measures were assessed for walking and balance using a 10-m walking test (10MWT) and a timed up and go test (TUG). Secondary outcome measures consisted of a brief user interview, and the patients recorded the advantages and disadvantages of each condition.
Results: FDS, AFO, and barefoot conditions showed a statistically significant difference in 10MWT and TUG (P<.001) as a result of comparing three conditions. FDS and AFO were significantly different from the barefoot condition as post-hoc results; however, there was no significant difference between the two conditions (P>.05).
Conclusion: In this study, the foot drop stimulator contributed to improving the balance ability, and the walking ability was similar to the effect of the anklefoot orthosis.

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