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ISSN : 2092-8475(Print)
ISSN : (Online)
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research Vol.11 No.1 pp.1999-2004

Effects of Motor Imagery Training and Balance Training on Static Balance: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Mina Gima,Junghyun Choib,Heayoung Gab
aDepartment of Physical Therapy, Wonkwang Health Science University, Iksan, Republic of Korea; bDepartment of Physical Therapy, Namseoul University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea


Background: Although studies on physical motor learning through motor imagery training have been conducted in various fields, studies on its effectiveness are still considered insufficient.
Objective: To investigate the effect of motor imagery training and balance training on static balance of asymptomatic adults in their 20s.
Design: A quasi-experimental study.
Methods: Thirty-six adults in their 20s who passed the tandem stance test were randomized to the motor imagery training group (MIG, n=12), motor imagery with balance training group (MIBG, n=12), and balance training group (BG, n=12). Each group underwent their respective interventions three times a week for four weeks, and changes in static balance were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance.
Results: Trace length was significantly lower in the MIBG than in the MIG and BG (P<.05), and a significant reduction in trace length in the MIBG was observed after the intervention as compared to the baseline (P<.05). Furthermore, a significantly lower velocity was observed in the MIBG than in the MIG and BG (P<.05), and a significant reduction of velocity in the MIBG was more observed after the intervention compared to the baseline (P<.05).
Conclusion: These results suggest that motor imagery training enhance static balance in healthy college students.